Bariatric surgery is becoming very popularespecially among those people who are not able to lose weight by diet and exercises. Bariatric surgeries are the various surgical procedures carried out as part of treatment for obesity. There are several types of bariatric surgeries like Lap banding, Gastric bypass and Gastric sleeve surgeries. Among all the bariatric surgeries lap band surgery is gaining more popularity day by day as it is the least invasive procedure.
Lap band surgery or laparoscopic gastric banding
Lab band surgery is a procedure in which an adjustable silicone band is placed on the upper part of the stomach to create a small pouch.
How it works?
The receptors for hunger are located on the walls of upper part of the stomach i.e., immediately below the junction of stomach and food pipe. These receptors send message to the brain when the stomach is full. In lap band surgery a pouch is created on the upper part of the stomach, When this pouch is filled with food, receptors on the walls of stomach sends signals to brain as the stomach is full. The person feels full and satisfied after eating a very small quantity of food. A narrow outlet connects the pouch to the stomach, size of this outlet can be adjusted by the surgeon as needed. This narrow outlet delays the movement of food from the pouch into larger part of the stomach.
How Gastric bonding is done?
Gastric banding is done by a specialized procedure called laparoscopic surgery, which is a minimally invasive procedure, it is also known as key hole surgery.
Who can undergo Lap Banding?
• Obese people with failure of diet and exercise therapy
• People with BMI (Body Mass Index) above 40
• Young and middle-aged people can undergo this procedure. This procedure is contraindicated for elderly people.
Diet change is a must after the lap band surgery. Modify your diet so that it contains more proteins, fewer carbohydrates and no fats.
Many people who have undergone lap band surgery have shown positive outcome, average weight loss after two years is 40 to 50% of excess weight. Most patients have reported a decrease in obesity associated disease like diabetes and hypertension.